The Italian -ing form – present progressive
This verb form is used to express an action while it is still happening.
Io sto scrivendo una lettera – I am writing a letter.
As you can see from the example, we need to use the verb ‘stare’ followed by the gerund of the verb expressing the action.
The verb stare is conjugated like this:
Along with the appropriate conjugation of ‘stare’, you need the gerund of the verb you want to use (the gerund does not conjugate according to the subject of the verb – it’s always the same.)
verbs in -are
verbs in -ere
verbs in -ire
Noi stiamo mangiando. – We are eating.
Loro stanno studiando. – They are studying.
Lei sta dormendo. – She is sleeping.
There are of course some verbs that are exceptions regarding the way they form the gerund:
bere – bevendo
fare – facendo
dire – dicendo
Cosa stai dicendo? – What are you saying?
Stiamo facendo una torta. – We are making a cake.
Luca sta bevendo una birra. – Luca is drinking a beer.